Thymosin β4 (Tβ4) and its amino-terminal fragment comprising N-acetyl-seryl-aspartyl-lysyl-proline (Ac-SDKP) have been reported to act as anti-inflammatory and anti-fibrotic agents in vitro and in vivo. In recent papers, we have shown that Tβ4 exerts a widely protective role in mice treated with bleomycin, and in particular, we have demonstrated its inhibitory effects on both inflammation and early fibrosis. OBJECTIVES: In this study, the putative anti-proliferative and anti-fibrogenic effects of Tβ4 and Ac-SDKP were evaluated in vitro. In addition, the effects of Tβ4 up to 21 days were evaluated in the bleomycin mouse model of lung fibrosis. METHODS: We utilized both control and TGF-β-stimulated primary human lung fibroblasts isolated from both idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) and control tissues. The in vivo effects of Tβ4 were assessed in CD1 mice treated with bleomycin. RESULTS: In the in vitro experiments, we observed significant anti-proliferative effects of Ac-SDKP in IPF fibroblasts. In those cells, Ac-SDKP significantly inhibited TGF-β-induced α-SMA and collagen expression, hallmarks of fibroblast differentiation into myofibroblasts triggered by TGF-β. In vivo, despite its previously described protective role in mice treated with bleomycin at 7 days, Tβ4 failed to prevent fibrosis induced by the drug at 14 and 21 days. CONCLUSION: We conclude that, compared to Tβ4, Ac-SDKP may have greater potential as an anti-fibrotic agent in the lung. Further in vivo experiments are warranted.
|Titolo:||Effects of thymosin β4 and its N-terminal fragment Ac-SDKP on TGF-β-treated human lung fibroblasts and in the mouse model of bleomycin-induced lung fibrosis.|
|Autori interni:||VANCHERI, CARLO|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2015|
|Rivista:||EXPERT OPINION ON BIOLOGICAL THERAPY|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|