Background/Aim: Pediatric thyroid cancer (TC) is rare but its incidence is increasing. We analyzed incidence and characteristics of pediatric TC in Sicily and comparatively evaluated data from the volcanic and non- volcanic areas. Materials and Methods: All incident pediatric (0-19 years) TCs in Sicily between 2002-2009 were analyzed for the area of residence and compared to data for adults. Results: A total of 54 differentiated TCs (DTC) and nine medullary TCs were diagnosed in Sicily in children between 2002-2009. DTC age standardized rate for the world population (ASRw) was 0.8/105 in females and 0.2/105 in males, with a higher incidence in the volcanic area (ASRw=1.4/105 in females, 0.5/105 in males) vs. the rest of Sicily (ASRw=0.6/105 in females, 0.1/105 in males). Pediatric TCs were larger in size and more frequently with extrathyroid extension and lymph-node involvement in comparison to TCs in adults. Conclusion: In the volcanic environment of Sicily, TC incidence is markedly increased in children, suggesting a short-term effect of unidentified carcinogens of volcanic origin.

Thyroid Cancer in the Pediatric Age in Sicily: Influence of the Volcanic Environment

SQUATRITO, Sebastiano;Pellegriti G.
2017-01-01

Abstract

Background/Aim: Pediatric thyroid cancer (TC) is rare but its incidence is increasing. We analyzed incidence and characteristics of pediatric TC in Sicily and comparatively evaluated data from the volcanic and non- volcanic areas. Materials and Methods: All incident pediatric (0-19 years) TCs in Sicily between 2002-2009 were analyzed for the area of residence and compared to data for adults. Results: A total of 54 differentiated TCs (DTC) and nine medullary TCs were diagnosed in Sicily in children between 2002-2009. DTC age standardized rate for the world population (ASRw) was 0.8/105 in females and 0.2/105 in males, with a higher incidence in the volcanic area (ASRw=1.4/105 in females, 0.5/105 in males) vs. the rest of Sicily (ASRw=0.6/105 in females, 0.1/105 in males). Pediatric TCs were larger in size and more frequently with extrathyroid extension and lymph-node involvement in comparison to TCs in adults. Conclusion: In the volcanic environment of Sicily, TC incidence is markedly increased in children, suggesting a short-term effect of unidentified carcinogens of volcanic origin.
Pediatric thyroid cancer; Thyroid cancer and volcanic environment; Thyroid cancer epidemiology
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/18963
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