Objective: To investigate the correlation between insight and recovery in schizophrenic patients according to criteria for both symptomatic and functional remission. Methods: Seventy patients affected by paranoid schizophrenia were recruited and treated with olanzapine, risperidone, aripiprazole, haloperidol and ziprasidone; visits were scheduled at baseline, 12 and 36 months. We administered PANSS (Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale), GAF (Global Assessment of Functioning), SF-36 (Short Form 36 Health Survey), PGWBI (Psychological General Well-Being index) and SAI (Schedule for the Assessment of Insight). Results: After 1 year, 50% of the subjects obtained symptom remission and 25.5% had adequate social functioning for 2 years or more. Only 12% of subjects met full recovery criteria for 2 years or longer. The recovery group also showed an improvement in insight levels, especially patients treated with second-generation antipsychotics (SGA). Recovery was predicted by female sex, higher age, SGA treatment, pre-morbid social adaptation and low level of negative symptoms at baseline. Conclusions: Only a small proportion of schizophrenic patients achieved recovery, therefore greater patient's insight could have prognostic validity in terms of treatment outcome. More sensitive instruments and a larger sample are necessary to confirm these results.
|Titolo:||Insight and recovery in schizophrenic patients|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2016|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|