Introduction Necrotizing fasciitis (NF) is a rare, potentially fatal, infective complication that can occur after surgery. Diagnosis is still difficult and mainly based on clinical data. Only a prompt pharmacological and surgical therapy can avoid dramatic consequences. There are few reports regarding NF as a complication after aesthetic surgical procedures, and a systematic review still lacks. Materials and Methods We have performed a systematic review of English literature on PubMed, covering a period of 30 years. Keywords used were “necrotising fasciitis” matched with “aesthetic surgery complications”, “breast surgery”, “mammoplasty”, “blepharoplasty”, “liposuction”, “facelift”, “rhinoplasty fasciitis”, “arm lift”, “thigh lift”, “otoplasty” and “abdominoplasty fasciitis”. No additional search and temporal limitation were set. Results Among 3782 papers concerning NF, only 18 were related to NF after an aesthetic surgical procedure. Liposuction was the most affected procedure, with buttocks and lower extremity the most involved anatomical regions. The majority of the infections were monomicrobial, promoted by Streptococcus pyogenes. In most cases, NF occurred within the third post-operative day with non-specific signs and symptoms. In 14 cases, a single or multiple surgical interventions were performed and survival was achieved in 11 patients. Conclusions In case of infection after aesthetic surgery, we should always bear in mind NF. Clinical hallmarks still guide NF management. Because early signs and symptoms are usually non-specific, a strict clinical control is highly suggested. Once clinical suspicion is raised, prompt antibacterial therapy should be administered, followed by surgical debridement in case of ineffective response.
|Titolo:||Necrotizing Fasciitis in Aesthetic Surgery: A Review of the Literature|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2017|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|