Five in silico principal properties (PPs) for 218 heterocyclic cations and four PPs for 38 organic and inorganic anionic counterparts of ionic liquids (ILs) were derived by the VolSurf+ approach. VolSurf+ physicochemical descriptors take into account several cationic structural features of ILs such as heterocyclic aromatic and non-aromatic cationic cores, alkyl chain length, presence of oxygen atoms in the substituents as well as the properties of a wide variety of inorganic and organic anions. Combination of these cation and anion PPs can provide descriptors for over 8000 ILs, thus allowing the development of QSPR models for IL cytotoxicity (IPC-81 rat cell line) and enzyme toxicity (acetylcholinesterase inhibition). The adoption of a Partial Least Squares approach, relating PPs and toxicities, provided affordable predictions for ILs in both learning and external validation sets, implying the possibility to extend the predictive model to a set of 520 ILs. This allows us to establish priorities in selecting ILs for experimental hazard assessment as required by the REACH regulation.
|Titolo:||Cyto- and enzyme toxicities of ionic liquids modelled on the basis of VolSurf+ descriptors and their principal properties|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2016|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|