Aging involves the morphological and functional integrity of all organs, including the cellular and humoral immunological functions. The main alterations can be listed as follows: (i) Thymic involution resulting in the decreased number of lymphoid precursor T- and B-cells. (ii) Reduced proliferative capacity of T-cells; loss of lymphocyte subgroups as a consequence of the shortening of telomeres. (iii) Qualitative deficiency of B-lymphocytes with a reduced response to exogenous antigens. (iv) Compromised activity of the accessory cells, both directly by depressing the chemotactic and phagocytic responses, and indirectly by increasing the prostaglandin production which inhibit the proliferation of T-cells. (v) Alterations in the production and secretion of various cytokines. (vi) Other factors like the general physiological conditions, the nutritional state, psychological habit and various hormone levels.

Immunosenescence: a review

MALAGUARNERA, Lucia;IMBESI, Rosa;MALAGUARNERA, Mariano;
2001-01-01

Abstract

Aging involves the morphological and functional integrity of all organs, including the cellular and humoral immunological functions. The main alterations can be listed as follows: (i) Thymic involution resulting in the decreased number of lymphoid precursor T- and B-cells. (ii) Reduced proliferative capacity of T-cells; loss of lymphocyte subgroups as a consequence of the shortening of telomeres. (iii) Qualitative deficiency of B-lymphocytes with a reduced response to exogenous antigens. (iv) Compromised activity of the accessory cells, both directly by depressing the chemotactic and phagocytic responses, and indirectly by increasing the prostaglandin production which inhibit the proliferation of T-cells. (v) Alterations in the production and secretion of various cytokines. (vi) Other factors like the general physiological conditions, the nutritional state, psychological habit and various hormone levels.
2001
Immunosenescence; Thymus involution; T-cell aging; B-cell aging
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/20553
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