Susceptibility to arthritis in the Lewis rat is associated with a defect of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis. We examined the pituitary corticotropes of both intact and dexamethasone-treated male and female inflammatory-disease-susceptible Lewis and inflammatory-disease-resistant Fischer rats. We determined adrenocorticotropin levels in the media from primary cultures of anterior pituitary cells of both strains. In other experiments we have measured intracellular cyclic adenosine monophosphate and inositol monophosphate accumulation. Cells were incubated with corticotropin-releasing hormone, arginine vasopressin, forskolin, phorbol myristate acetate, or thyrotropin-releasing hormone. Corticotropin-releasing hormone stimulated adrenocorticotropin secretion from both male and female Lewis rat pituitary cells in a concentration-dependent manner. Basal and stimulated adrenocorticotropin levels in cells from Lewis rats were lower than those measured in the incubation media of Fischer rat dispersed pituitary cells. Arginine vasopressin, as well as forskolin and phorbol myristate acetate, induced a significant release of adrenocorticotropin from pituitary cells of both strains. Incubation with corticotropin-releasing hormone did not produce a significant accumulation of intracellular cyclic adenosine monophosphate in Lewis rat dispersed pituicytes of both sexes. On the other hand, forskolin induced a significant increase of intracellular cyclic adenosine monophosphate in the same cultures. Finally, inositol monophosphate accumulation was comparable in pituitary cells from both Lewis and Fischer rats of both sexes incubated with thyrotropin-releasing hormone. Adrenocorticotropin secretion from pituitary cells of male Lewis rats treated in vivo with dexamethasone was either reduced or abolished following incubation with different secretagogues. A defect in pituitary adrenocorticotropin secretion could be among the causes of the hyporesponsiveness of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis in the Lewis rat. Such a defect appears to be associated with dysfunction of receptor-coupled events related to adenylate cyclase

Adenylate-cyclase-dependent pituitary adrenocorticotropin secretion is defective in the inflammatory-disease-susceptible Lewis rats

BERNARDINI, Renato;CALOGERO, Aldo Eugenio;
1996-01-01

Abstract

Susceptibility to arthritis in the Lewis rat is associated with a defect of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis. We examined the pituitary corticotropes of both intact and dexamethasone-treated male and female inflammatory-disease-susceptible Lewis and inflammatory-disease-resistant Fischer rats. We determined adrenocorticotropin levels in the media from primary cultures of anterior pituitary cells of both strains. In other experiments we have measured intracellular cyclic adenosine monophosphate and inositol monophosphate accumulation. Cells were incubated with corticotropin-releasing hormone, arginine vasopressin, forskolin, phorbol myristate acetate, or thyrotropin-releasing hormone. Corticotropin-releasing hormone stimulated adrenocorticotropin secretion from both male and female Lewis rat pituitary cells in a concentration-dependent manner. Basal and stimulated adrenocorticotropin levels in cells from Lewis rats were lower than those measured in the incubation media of Fischer rat dispersed pituitary cells. Arginine vasopressin, as well as forskolin and phorbol myristate acetate, induced a significant release of adrenocorticotropin from pituitary cells of both strains. Incubation with corticotropin-releasing hormone did not produce a significant accumulation of intracellular cyclic adenosine monophosphate in Lewis rat dispersed pituicytes of both sexes. On the other hand, forskolin induced a significant increase of intracellular cyclic adenosine monophosphate in the same cultures. Finally, inositol monophosphate accumulation was comparable in pituitary cells from both Lewis and Fischer rats of both sexes incubated with thyrotropin-releasing hormone. Adrenocorticotropin secretion from pituitary cells of male Lewis rats treated in vivo with dexamethasone was either reduced or abolished following incubation with different secretagogues. A defect in pituitary adrenocorticotropin secretion could be among the causes of the hyporesponsiveness of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis in the Lewis rat. Such a defect appears to be associated with dysfunction of receptor-coupled events related to adenylate cyclase
Dexamethasone/pharmacology; Inflammation/physiopathology; Pituitary Gland, Anterior/drug effects
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/20715
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