Background: Little is known about the association between cigarette smoking and asthma severity. We assessedsmoking as a determinant of disease severity and control in a cohort of clinic-referred allergic subjects whodeveloped new onset asthma.Methods: Allergic rhinitis subjects with no asthma (n = 371) were followed-up for 10 years and routinely examinedfor asthma diagnosis. In those who developed asthma (n = 152), clinical severity and levels of asthma control weredetermined. Among these subjects, 74 (48.7%) were current smokers, 17 (11.2%) former smokers, and 61 (40.1%)never smokers.Results: When comparing current or past smokers to never smokers they had a higher risk of severe asthma in theunivariate analysis, which became non-significant in the multivariate analysis. On the other hand, the categories ofpack-years were significantly related to severe asthma in a dose response relationship in both the univariate andmultivariate analysis: compared to 0 pack years, those who smoked 1-10 pack-years had an OR(95% CI) of 1.47(0.46-4.68), those who smoked 11-20 pack-years had an OR of 2.85(1.09-7.46) and those who smoked more than20 pack-years had an OR of 5.59(1.44-21.67) to develop more severe asthma. Smokers with asthma were also morelikely to have uncontrolled disease. A significant dose-response relationship was observed for pack-years anduncontrolled asthma. Compared to 0 pack years, those who smoked 1-10 pack-years had an OR of 5.51(1.73-17.54)and those who smoked more than 10 pack-years had an OR of 13.38(4.57-39.19) to have uncontrolled asthma.Conclusions: The current findings support the hypothesis that cigarette smoking is an important predictor ofasthma severity and poor asthma control.

Greater severity of new onset asthma in allergic subjects who smoke: a 10-year longitudinal study

POLOSA R;CAPONNETTO, PASQUALE;BERTINO, Gaetano
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
2011-01-01

Abstract

Background: Little is known about the association between cigarette smoking and asthma severity. We assessedsmoking as a determinant of disease severity and control in a cohort of clinic-referred allergic subjects whodeveloped new onset asthma.Methods: Allergic rhinitis subjects with no asthma (n = 371) were followed-up for 10 years and routinely examinedfor asthma diagnosis. In those who developed asthma (n = 152), clinical severity and levels of asthma control weredetermined. Among these subjects, 74 (48.7%) were current smokers, 17 (11.2%) former smokers, and 61 (40.1%)never smokers.Results: When comparing current or past smokers to never smokers they had a higher risk of severe asthma in theunivariate analysis, which became non-significant in the multivariate analysis. On the other hand, the categories ofpack-years were significantly related to severe asthma in a dose response relationship in both the univariate andmultivariate analysis: compared to 0 pack years, those who smoked 1-10 pack-years had an OR(95% CI) of 1.47(0.46-4.68), those who smoked 11-20 pack-years had an OR of 2.85(1.09-7.46) and those who smoked more than20 pack-years had an OR of 5.59(1.44-21.67) to develop more severe asthma. Smokers with asthma were also morelikely to have uncontrolled disease. A significant dose-response relationship was observed for pack-years anduncontrolled asthma. Compared to 0 pack years, those who smoked 1-10 pack-years had an OR of 5.51(1.73-17.54)and those who smoked more than 10 pack-years had an OR of 13.38(4.57-39.19) to have uncontrolled asthma.Conclusions: The current findings support the hypothesis that cigarette smoking is an important predictor ofasthma severity and poor asthma control.
2011
ASTHMA; ALLERGIE; SMOKE
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/20938
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