Isolated Langendorff-perfused rat hearts after 10 minutes preperfusion, were subjected to a substrate-free anoxic perfusion (20 minutes) followed by 20 minutes reperfusion with a glucose-containing oxygen-balanced medium. Under the same perfusion conditions, the effect of exogenous 5mM fructose-1,6-bisphosphate has been investigated. The xanthine dehydrogenase to xanthine oxidase ratio, concentrations of high-energy phosphates and of TBA-reactive material (TBARS) were determined at the end of each perfusion period in both control and fructose-1,6-bisphosphate-treated hearts. Results indicate that anoxia induces the irreversible transformation of xanthine dehydrogenase into oxidase as a consequence of the sharp decrease of the myocardial energy metabolism. This finding is supported by the protective effect exerted by exogenous fructose-1,6-bisphosphate which is able to maintain the correct xanthine dehydrogenase/oxidase ratio by preventing the depletion of phosphorylated compounds during anoxia. Moreover, in control hearts, the release of lactate dehydrogenase during reperfusion, is paralleled by a 50% increase in the concentration of tissue TBARS. On the contrary, in fructose-1,6-bisphosphate-treated hearts this concentration does not significantly change after reoxygenation, while a slight but significant increase of lactate dehydrogenase activity in the perfusates is observed. On the whole these data indicate a direct contribution of oxygen-derived free radicals to the worsening of post-anoxic hearts. A hypothesis on the mechanism of action of fructose-1,6-bisphosphate in anoxic and reperfused rat heart and its possible application in the clinical therapy of myocardial infarction are presented.
|Titolo:||Oxygen radical injury and loss of high-energy compounds in anoxic and reperfused rat heart: prevention by exogenous fructose-1,6-bisphosphate|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1990|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|