Introduction. Blood endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) and microparticles (EMPs) have been proposed as markers of endothelial dysfunction. Aim of this study was to evaluate both EPCs and EMPs in patients with arterial erectile dysfunction (ED) and metabolic syndrome (MetS). Materials and methods. To accomplish this, 100 patients (45-60 years) with ED and MetS (ATP III 1999 criteria) and 17 healthy men (44-57 years) were selected. EPC (CD45neg/CD34pos/CD144pos) and EMP (CD45neg/CD144pos/Annexin Vpos) blood concentrations were evaluated by flow cytometry, before and after administration of tadalafil (20 mg) on demand for 3 months. Results. Before treatment, EPCs and EMPs were significantly higher in patients compared to healthy men. EPCs increased significantly after tadalafil administration, whereas EMPs did not differ significantly. EPCs correlated positively or negatively with BMI and with some cavernous artery indices, before and after tadalafil administration. EMPs showed only positive correlations with BMI and some cavernous artery indices both before and after tadalafil administration. Conclusion. Patients with arterial ED and MetS have higher EPCs and EMPs compared to healthy men, hence, these cells may be regarded as markers of cavernous artery dysfunction. Tadalafil administration increased EPCs, but not EMPs, suggesting that this compound may play a role on the endothelial repair response.

Blood endothelial progenitor cells (EPC) and microparticles (EMP) have been proposed as markers of endothelial dysfunction. The aim of this study was to evaluate both EPCs and EMPs in patients with arterial erectile dysfunction (ED) and metabolic syndrome (MetS). To accomplish this, 100 patients (ages 45-60 years) with ED and MetS (Adult Treatment Panel III [ATP III] 1999 criteria) and 17 healthy men (ages 44-57 years) were selected. EPC (CD45(neg)/CD34(pos)/CD144(pos)) and EMP (CD45(neg)/CD144(pos)/Annexin V(pos)) blood concentrations were evaluated by flow cytometry, before and after administration of tadalafil (20 mg) on demand for 3 months. Before treatment, EPCs and EMPs were significantly higher in patients compared with healthy men. EPCs increased significantly after tadalafil administration, whereas EMPs did not differ significantly. EPCs correlated positively or negatively with body mass index and with some cavernous artery indices, both before and after tadalafil administration. EMPs showed only positive correlations with body mass index and some cavernous artery indices, both before and after tadalafil administration. Patients with arterial ED and MetS have higher EPCs and EMPs compared with healthy men; hence, these cells may be regarded as markers of cavernous artery dysfunction. Tadalafil administration increased EPCs but not EMPs, suggesting that this compound may play a role in the endothelial repair response.

Circulating Endothelial Progenitor Cells and Endothelial Microparticles in Patients with Arterial Erectile Dysfunction and Metabolic Syndrome

LA VIGNERA, SANDRO SALVUCCIO MARIA;CONDORELLI R;VICARI, Enzo Saretto;CALOGERO, Aldo Eugenio
2012-01-01

Abstract

Introduction. Blood endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) and microparticles (EMPs) have been proposed as markers of endothelial dysfunction. Aim of this study was to evaluate both EPCs and EMPs in patients with arterial erectile dysfunction (ED) and metabolic syndrome (MetS). Materials and methods. To accomplish this, 100 patients (45-60 years) with ED and MetS (ATP III 1999 criteria) and 17 healthy men (44-57 years) were selected. EPC (CD45neg/CD34pos/CD144pos) and EMP (CD45neg/CD144pos/Annexin Vpos) blood concentrations were evaluated by flow cytometry, before and after administration of tadalafil (20 mg) on demand for 3 months. Results. Before treatment, EPCs and EMPs were significantly higher in patients compared to healthy men. EPCs increased significantly after tadalafil administration, whereas EMPs did not differ significantly. EPCs correlated positively or negatively with BMI and with some cavernous artery indices, before and after tadalafil administration. EMPs showed only positive correlations with BMI and some cavernous artery indices both before and after tadalafil administration. Conclusion. Patients with arterial ED and MetS have higher EPCs and EMPs compared to healthy men, hence, these cells may be regarded as markers of cavernous artery dysfunction. Tadalafil administration increased EPCs, but not EMPs, suggesting that this compound may play a role on the endothelial repair response.
2012
Blood endothelial progenitor cells (EPC) and microparticles (EMP) have been proposed as markers of endothelial dysfunction. The aim of this study was to evaluate both EPCs and EMPs in patients with arterial erectile dysfunction (ED) and metabolic syndrome (MetS). To accomplish this, 100 patients (ages 45-60 years) with ED and MetS (Adult Treatment Panel III [ATP III] 1999 criteria) and 17 healthy men (ages 44-57 years) were selected. EPC (CD45(neg)/CD34(pos)/CD144(pos)) and EMP (CD45(neg)/CD144(pos)/Annexin V(pos)) blood concentrations were evaluated by flow cytometry, before and after administration of tadalafil (20 mg) on demand for 3 months. Before treatment, EPCs and EMPs were significantly higher in patients compared with healthy men. EPCs increased significantly after tadalafil administration, whereas EMPs did not differ significantly. EPCs correlated positively or negatively with body mass index and with some cavernous artery indices, both before and after tadalafil administration. EMPs showed only positive correlations with body mass index and some cavernous artery indices, both before and after tadalafil administration. Patients with arterial ED and MetS have higher EPCs and EMPs compared with healthy men; hence, these cells may be regarded as markers of cavernous artery dysfunction. Tadalafil administration increased EPCs but not EMPs, suggesting that this compound may play a role in the endothelial repair response.
Endothelial progenitor cells and endothelial microparticles ; Arterial erectile dysfunction ; Metabolic syndrome
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/21452
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