N-Acetylaspartate (NAA) is considered a neuron-specific metabolite and its reduction a marker of neuronal loss. The objective of this study was to evaluate the time course of NAA changes in varying grades of traumatic brain injury (TBI), in concert with the disturbance of energy metabolites (ATP). Since NAA is synthesized by the mitochondria, it was hypothesized that changes in NAA would follow ATP. The impact acceleration model was used to produce three grades of TBI. Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into the following four-groups: sham control (n = 12); moderate TBI (n = 36); severe TBI (n = 36); and severe TBI coupled with hypoxia-hypotension (n = 16). Animals were sacrificed at different time points ranging from I min to 120 h postinjury, and the brain was processed for high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) analysis of NAA and ATP. After moderate TBI, NAA reduced gradually by 35% at 6 h and 46% at 15 h, accompanied by a 57% and 45% reduction in ATP. A spontaneous recovery of NAA to 86% of baseline at 120 h was paralleled by a restoration in ATP. In severe TBI, NAA fell suddenly and did not recover, showing critical reduction (60%) at 48 h. ATP was reduced by 70% and also did not recover. Maximum NAA and ATP decrease occurred with secondary insult (80% and 90%, respectively, at 48 h). These data show that, at 48 h post diffuse TBI, reduction of NAA is graded according to the severity of insult. NAA recovers if the degree of injury is moderate and not accompanied by secondary insult. The highly similar time course and correlation between NAA and ATP supports the notion that NAA reduction is related to energetic impairment.
|Titolo:||N-Acetylaspartate reduction as a measure of injury severity and mitochondrial dysfunction following diffuse traumatic brain injury|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2001|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|