We report on two cases of myofibroblastoma (MFB) of the breast comprised predominantly of a mature fatty component, representing approximately three quarters of the entire tumour area. Both tumours consisted of a well-circumscribed lipomatous tumour mass containing dispersed nodular or irregularly shaped spindled cellular areas. The fatty component was represented exclusively by mature adipocytes, uniform in size and shape, lacking nuclear pleomorphism. The cellular areas contained spindly to oval cells with morphological and immunophenotypical features typical of MFB. The two components were so intimately admixed that a finger-like infiltrating growth pattern was apparent. The cases reported here as "lipomatous MFB" aim to clarify further the morphological spectrum of MFB of the breast. Lipomatous MFB may potentially mimic other benign or aggressive tumour-like lesions or even bland-looking malignant spindle cell tumours such as fibromatosis, nodular fasciitis, spindle cell lipoma, spindle cell liposarcoma, spindle cell variant of metaplastic carcinoma, spindle cell malignant myoepithelioma, and low-grade fibrosarcoma/malignant fibrous histiocytoma. The histogenesis of the present bimorphic mesenchymal tumours could be explained as the result of a dual, myofibroblastic and lipomatous, differentiation from a common pluripotential mesenchymal precursor cell, probably represented by the vimentin+/CD34+ fibroblast of the mammary stroma
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