Receptor binding sites for pituitary adenylate cyclase activating polypeptide (PACAP) and vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP), positively coupled to adenylate cyclase, have been previously described in the retina of different mammalian species. In the present study, we determined the mRNA expression of PACAP/VIP receptor variants in the rat retina and investigated their coupling to phospholipase C in addition to adenylate cyclase. The two forms of PACAP, PACAP27 and PACAP38, induced a dose-dependent (1-100 nM) increase of cAMP and [3H]inositol monophosphate levels, whereas VIP stimulated, with lower potency and efficacy, cAMP formation only. Reverse transcription-PCR analysis in the rat retina detected both type-I (PACAP-R and PACAP-HOP splice variants) and type-II (VIP-I and -2) receptor-mRNAs. These data indicate that PACAP and VIP may interact with multiple receptor subtypes and activate one (VIP) or two (PACAP) signal transduction mechanisms in the rat retina.
|Titolo:||Functional and molecular expression of pacap/vip receptors in the rat retina|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1998|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|