MDA-MB231 human breast cancer cells are unresponsive to insulin and contain a glycoprotein inhibitor of insulin-stimulated insulin receptor (IR) tyrosine kinase activity. Prior studies in both fibroblasts from insulin- resistant non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus patients and transfected cells indicate that overexpression of membrane glycoprotein PC-1 reduces IR tyrosine kinase activity. In the present study, we measured PC-1 content and activity in MDA-MB231 and four other human breast cancer cell lines. We observed that PC-1 expression was 3- to 30-fold higher in MDA-MB231 cells when compared with the other breast cell lines. Wheat germ agglutinin extracts of MDA-MB231 cells inhibited IR tyrosine kinase activity. Treatment of these extracts with an antibody to PC-1 significantly reduced their ability to inhibit insulin-stimulated IR tyrosine kinase activity. In addition, when cell clones with different PC-1 activity were selected from MDA-MB231 cells, we found an inverse correlation (r = -0.741, P = 0.006) between the PC-1 activity and the insulin-stimulated IR autophosphorylation. A similar inverse correlation was observed in cell clones derived from the insulin-responsive breast cancer cell line MCF-7. By both immunoprecipitation and cross-linking studies we found PC-1 to be associated with IR. These studies indicate, therefore, that overexpression of PC-1 in MDA-MB231 cells may account, at least in part, for the reduced IR tyrosine kinase activity and suggest that PC-1 is a specific modulator of the IR activity in breast cancer cells.
|Titolo:||Overexpression of membrane glycoprotein PC-1 in MDA-MB231 breast cancer cells is associated with inhibition of insulin receptor tyrosine kinase activity|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1996|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|