We study charging effects and tunneling in the single electron box. Tunneling mixes different charge states and in the nonperturbative regime the charge in the island may be strongly screened. When charge states are nearly degenerate the screening of the charge is strong even in the weak tunneling regime. Virtual tunneling processes reduce both the level splitting Delta and the tunneling strength alpha. The charge on the island and the decay rates are calculated. In the strong tunneling regime also nondegenerate states are affected by tunneling. Strong-coupling scaling renormalizes the effective capacitance, a result which we confirm by Monte Carlo simulations. The tunneling strength alpha scales to smaller values into the regime where the weak-coupling scaling applies. We propose a two-stage scaling procedure providing the unified picture for the problem. The scaling analysis is also extended to superconducting tunnel junctions with finite subgap conductance.
|Titolo:||Tunneling in the electron box in the nonperturbative regime|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1994|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|