Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), also known as vascular permeability factor (VPF), is a multifunctional cytokine. It is overexpressed in several conditions, which are characterized by vascular hyperpermeability and angiogenesis. In this investigation, we have evaluated the possibility that VEGF/VPF could be expressed in periapical lesions. We studied 17 periapical granulomas and 6 periapical cysts by immunohistochemistry. An immunopositive reaction for VEGF/VPF was observed in all 23 periapical lesions; however, the intensity of immunostaining by anti-VEGF antibody varied according to histopathological findings. In periapical granulomas without epithelium, almost all of the inflammatory cells were immunoreactive to anti-VEGF/VIP antibody. In periapical granulomas, which had rests of Malassez in them, some inflammatory cells were stained. On the other hand, epithelial cells always were stained by VEGF/VPF antibody, both in periapical lesions with epithelium and in radicular cysts. This study demonstrated that periapical lesions express VEGF/VPF, although with some differences in cell immunolabeling, which correlated to the lesions' stages of development. Initially, VEGF/VPF would assure angiogenesis and vascular hyperpermeability, resulting in accumulation of inflammatory cells, later it could be involved in cyst fluid accumulation. We hypothesize, therefore, that VEGF/VPF expression plays an important role in the pathogenesis of periapical granulomas and enlargement of radicular cysts by several mechanisms.
|Titolo:||Detection of vascular endothelian growth factor/vascular permeability factor in periapical lesions|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2003|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|