Abstract PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to introduce a new paradigm for keratoconus assessment, the keratoconus index (KI), generated from the ratio of peripheral corneal thickness (PCT) to the thinnest corneal thickness (TCT), and calculated by a computer-assisted procedure after ultrabiomicroscope (UBM) examination. Then we compared KI and the keratoconus severity index (KSI), obtained by videokeratography in patients with different stages of keratoconus. METHODS: We studied 60 eyes with different forms of keratoconus using the TMS-3 autotopographer, provided with a keratoconus screening program (using Smolek-Klyce methods) and the commercial version of the ultrasound biomicroscope (Paradigm UBM Plus Model P45) equipped with a 50-MHz probe, which was provided with our computer-assisted program. The proportion test Z and the correlation coefficient R were applied to the outcomes. RESULTS: The keratoconus severity index, KSI, obtained by color-coded videokeratographic maps, was in the range 95% to 32% (mean 52.22%). By means of UBM examination, we obtained 60 images and found values of TCT 0.278-0.592 mm and PCT 0.475-0.704 mm. Applying the computer-assisted method, we obtained values for KI of 1.112-2.159 (mean 1.428). CONCLUSIONS: KI is correlated as well as KSI with the severity of the keratoconus (R = 0.76, P < 0.0001). It can be used as a similar parameter to measure the evolution of the disease, on the basis of corneal thickness rather than the curvature.
|Titolo:||Keratoconus staging: A computer-assisted ultrabiomicroscopic method with videokeratographic analysis|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2004|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|