Preliminary results are presented concerning the use of less-toxic plasticizers such as dioctyl adipate (DOA) and acetyl tributyl citrate (ATBC) in plastisol formulations for rotational molding technology. The DOA and ATBC plasticizers have been studied by comparing the effects of their content, molecular architecture, and polarity on the rheological behavior of liquid plastic systems and on the mechanical properties of the ultimate products prepared with PVCs having different particle sizes and molecular-weight distributions. Rheological tests have confirmed the differences in solvent power of the diethylhexyl phthalate (DOP), DOA, and ATBC plasticizers. The glass transition temperatures measured on rotomolded samples have shown that the use of ATBC leads to a more nearly rigid system as a consequence of the branched structure and polarity of this plasticizer when compared with DOA. Mechanical tests carried out on final products after natural and forced environmental aging revealed a slight decrease in their performance. J. VINYL ADDIT. TECHNOL., 2009. © 2009 Society of Plastics Engineers
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