We perform an analysis on the dissipative Olami-Feder-Christensen model on a small world topology considering avalanche size differences. We show that when criticality appears, the probability density functions PDFs for the avalanche size differences at different times have fat tails with a q-Gaussian shape. This behavior does not depend on the time interval adopted and is found also when considering energy differences between real earthquakes. Such a result can be analytically understood if the sizes released energies of the avalanches earthquakes have no correlations. Our findings support the hypothesis that a self-organized criticality mechanism with long-range interactions is at the origin of seismic events and indicate that it is not possible to predict the magnitude of the next earthquake knowing those of the previous ones.
|Titolo:||Analysis of Self-Organized Criticality in the OFC model and in real earthquakes|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2007|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|