OBJECTIVE: To study clinical characteristics, beta-cell function, HLA typing and mutations in the hepatocyte nuclear factor (HNF)-1alpha and HNF-4alpha genes in Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1D) patients without pancreatic autoantibodies. DESIGN AND METHODS: Twenty patients without pancreatic autoantibodies (Ab neg) and 20 with autoantibodies (Ab pos), age/gender matched, were included (age 17-34 years). Islet cell, glutamic acid decarboxylase, tyrosine phosphatase and insulin autoantibodies, basal and stimulated C-peptide were measured. HLA-DRB1-DQA1-DQB1 typing and screening for mutations in the HNF-1alpha and HNF-4alpha genes were performed. RESULTS: No differences were found in clinical presentation, metabolic control and beta-cell function in the two groups (onset or after 12 months). DRB1*0301-DQA1*0501-DQB1*0201 was the most frequent haplotype in both groups but we found a higher proportion of protective T1D haplotypes and Asp(beta57) in the Ab neg group, but in all the cases in combination with susceptible T1D haplotypes. We found two previously reported polymorphisms (HNF-1alpha, Ala98Val; HNF-4alpha, Thr130Ile) in Ab neg and a new variant (Ser165Gly) in the HNF-4alpha gene in an Ab pos subject. Conclusions In a non-paediatric population with newly diagnosed T1D, the absence of islet antibodies does not imply clinical or metabolic differences when compared with those cases with islet antibodies. Despite a similar HLA-DR/DQ typing, the presence of protective alleles and molecular properties in a higher proportion in the Ab neg group suggests that these factors could modulate the presence or absence of islet antibodies. Variants in HNF-1alpha and HNF-4alpha are unlikely to be major contributors to the pathogenesis of diabetes in antibody-negative T1D.

Clinical characteristics, beta-cell function, HLA class II and mutations in MODY genes in non-paediatric subjects with Type 1 diabetes without pancreatic autoantibodies

NICOLETTI, FERDINANDO;
2005

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To study clinical characteristics, beta-cell function, HLA typing and mutations in the hepatocyte nuclear factor (HNF)-1alpha and HNF-4alpha genes in Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1D) patients without pancreatic autoantibodies. DESIGN AND METHODS: Twenty patients without pancreatic autoantibodies (Ab neg) and 20 with autoantibodies (Ab pos), age/gender matched, were included (age 17-34 years). Islet cell, glutamic acid decarboxylase, tyrosine phosphatase and insulin autoantibodies, basal and stimulated C-peptide were measured. HLA-DRB1-DQA1-DQB1 typing and screening for mutations in the HNF-1alpha and HNF-4alpha genes were performed. RESULTS: No differences were found in clinical presentation, metabolic control and beta-cell function in the two groups (onset or after 12 months). DRB1*0301-DQA1*0501-DQB1*0201 was the most frequent haplotype in both groups but we found a higher proportion of protective T1D haplotypes and Asp(beta57) in the Ab neg group, but in all the cases in combination with susceptible T1D haplotypes. We found two previously reported polymorphisms (HNF-1alpha, Ala98Val; HNF-4alpha, Thr130Ile) in Ab neg and a new variant (Ser165Gly) in the HNF-4alpha gene in an Ab pos subject. Conclusions In a non-paediatric population with newly diagnosed T1D, the absence of islet antibodies does not imply clinical or metabolic differences when compared with those cases with islet antibodies. Despite a similar HLA-DR/DQ typing, the presence of protective alleles and molecular properties in a higher proportion in the Ab neg group suggests that these factors could modulate the presence or absence of islet antibodies. Variants in HNF-1alpha and HNF-4alpha are unlikely to be major contributors to the pathogenesis of diabetes in antibody-negative T1D.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/24936
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