The research evaluated the effects that amendment with 3 kg m-2 and 9 kg m-2 of citrus pulp had both on the production of sunflowers and the dissipation of the aclonifen herbicide. At the same time any eventual effect of the use of the herbicide on sunflower production was verified. The use of the citrus pulp determined an increase in the height of the plants, the diameter of the flower-heads and their achenes production and a reduction in the sterile zone. The effect of amending was not proportional to the quantity of citrus pulp added: in fact, the maximum agronomic efficiency was reached with the lowest quantity of amendant (97 kg of achenes per ton of citrus pulp used, as against the 53 kg obtained with the higher quantity). The herbicide had no effect on sunflower production. The dissipation of aclonifen was not influenced by the addition of citrus pulp in field conditions but in laboratory conditions a faster degradation was found. The mean half-life time was 14 days in the field and 30 and 13 days respectively, in untreated soil and soil treated with citrus pulp, in laboratory conditions.
|Titolo:||The effect of citrus pulp amendment on sunflower production and the dissipation of the herbicide aclonifen|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2007|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|