Members of the YERO57c/YJGFc/UK114 protein family have been identified in bacteria and eukaryotes. The budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae contains two different proteins of this family, Hmf1p and Mmf1p. We have previously shown that Mmf1p is a mitochondrial protein functionally related to its human homologue and able to influence the maintenance of mitochondrial DNA. Deletion of Mmf1 results in loss of the mitochondrial genome. Using a multicopy suppression approach, we have identified a protein of the mitochondrial large ribosomal subunit, MRPL40, which stabilizes mtDNA in Deltammf1 cells. Overexpression of MRPL40 did not prevent loss of mtDNA in a mutant strain lacking the mitochondrial protein Abf2p. Thus, MRPL40 does not have a general effect on mtDNA stability, but it may be specific for the mmf1-null strain. We also show that the Deltamrpl40 cells present a similar phenotype to the mmf1-null strain, having reduced mtDNA stability and growth rate. Furthermore, we observed that rho(+)Deltamrpl40 haploid cells can be obtained when tetrads are directly dissected on medium containing a non-fermentable carbon source. Thus, replication and segregation of the mtDNA can occur in the absence of MRPL40. We also show that another mitochondrial ribosomal protein, MRPL38, is able to overcome the Deltammf1-associated defect. Together, our results suggest a link between Mmf1p and the two mitochondrial ribosomal proteins.
|Titolo:||High levels of the mitochondrial large ribosomal subunit protein 40 prevent loss of mitochondrial DNA in null mmf1 Saccharomyces cerevisiae cells|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2004|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|