The intracellular tracking of zinc and copper, metals essential for life, is nowadays pivotal to unravel the complex mechanism that involves the physiological or pathological role of such elements. Traditional methods to determine cellular copper and zinc levels, including those based on the use of fluorescent probes, are aimed at scrutinizing the metallome, to identify both the individual species and their concentrations. The metallome, however, is also a nonstatic concept, as it responds to environmental perturbations in biologically relevant pathways, with highly dynamic spatiotemporal changes. Through an overview of improvements and limits of the state of the art of synthetic fluorescent probes for the detection of intracellular zinc and copper, we report here new routes for the design and the synthesis of novel metal coordination compounds able to overcome the present weaknesses for a new concept of dynamic metallostasis.

Synthetic fluorescent probes to map dynamic metallostasis and intracellular fate of zinc and copper

TRUSSO SFRAZZETTO, GIUSEPPE;SATRIANO, Cristina;TOMASELLI, Gaetano
2016

Abstract

The intracellular tracking of zinc and copper, metals essential for life, is nowadays pivotal to unravel the complex mechanism that involves the physiological or pathological role of such elements. Traditional methods to determine cellular copper and zinc levels, including those based on the use of fluorescent probes, are aimed at scrutinizing the metallome, to identify both the individual species and their concentrations. The metallome, however, is also a nonstatic concept, as it responds to environmental perturbations in biologically relevant pathways, with highly dynamic spatiotemporal changes. Through an overview of improvements and limits of the state of the art of synthetic fluorescent probes for the detection of intracellular zinc and copper, we report here new routes for the design and the synthesis of novel metal coordination compounds able to overcome the present weaknesses for a new concept of dynamic metallostasis.
Cellular metal sensors; Metallome; Intracellular bioinorganic chemistry
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/255070
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