Pursuing previous researches on lipophilic conjugates of methotrexate, aimed at over-crossing a form of transport resistance shown by some tumor cell lines toward the drug, a new series of derivatives is described in which the drug a- and c-carboxyl groups have been linked through amide bonds to short-chain a-alkylamino acids (4–6 carbon atoms). A specific NMR study was performed to delineate the stereochemistry of the conjugates. The inhibitory activity of these compounds against the target enzyme, (bovine liver) dihydrofolate reductase, and a sensitive (CCRF-CEM) and a transport-resistant tumor cell subline (CEM-MTX) were assessed. The conjugates showed the ability of retaining the same inhibitory activity also against the resistant cell subline, against which the parent drug was much less active than against the wild one; the a,c-bis(hexyl) derivative was the most active term of the series. Docking studies are in agreement with the proposed mode of interaction of these conjugates with the human DHFR.

Lipophilic conjugates of methotrexate with short-chain alkylamino acids as DHFR inhibitors. Synthesis, biological evaluation, and molecular modeling

PIGNATELLO, Rosario;GUCCIONE, Salvatore;DI GIACOMO, Claudia;SORRENTI, Valeria;PUGLISI, Giovanni
2004

Abstract

Pursuing previous researches on lipophilic conjugates of methotrexate, aimed at over-crossing a form of transport resistance shown by some tumor cell lines toward the drug, a new series of derivatives is described in which the drug a- and c-carboxyl groups have been linked through amide bonds to short-chain a-alkylamino acids (4–6 carbon atoms). A specific NMR study was performed to delineate the stereochemistry of the conjugates. The inhibitory activity of these compounds against the target enzyme, (bovine liver) dihydrofolate reductase, and a sensitive (CCRF-CEM) and a transport-resistant tumor cell subline (CEM-MTX) were assessed. The conjugates showed the ability of retaining the same inhibitory activity also against the resistant cell subline, against which the parent drug was much less active than against the wild one; the a,c-bis(hexyl) derivative was the most active term of the series. Docking studies are in agreement with the proposed mode of interaction of these conjugates with the human DHFR.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/25509
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