Several in vitro and in vivo studies have suggested that carnosine (beta-alanil-L-histidine) and homocamosine (beta-aminobutyril-L-histidine) can act as scavengers of reactive oxygen species. beta-Cyclodextrin was functionalized with homocamosine, obtaining the following new bioconjugate isomers: 6(A)-[(4-1[(IS)-1-carboxy-2-(1H-imidazol-4-yl)ethyl] amino}-4-oxobutyl)amino]-6(A)-deoxy-o-cyclodextrin and (2(A)S,3(A)R)-3(A)+4-{ [(1S)-1-carboxy-2-(1H-imidazol-4-yl)ethyl] amino}-4-oxobutyl)amino]-3(A)-deoxy-beta-cyclodextrin. Pulse radiolysis investigations show that the beta-cyclodextrin homocamosine bioconjugates are scavengers of (OH)-O-center dot radicals because of the formation of stable imidazole-centered radicals and the scavenger ability of glucose molecules of the macrocycle. The ability of these new beta-cyclodextrin derivatives to inhibit the copper(II) driven LDL oxidation was determined in comparison with that displayed by the analogous camosine derivatives. Both the beta-cyclodextrin carnosine isomers show a higher protective effect than that of free dipeptide and homocarnosine derivatives, bringing into light the role of the beta-CD cavity. The ability of these new beta-cyclodextrin derivatives to inhibit the copper(II) driven LDL oxidation was determined in comparison with that displayed by the analogous carnosine derivatives. Both the beta-cyclodextrin carnosine isomers show a higher protective effect than that of free dipeptide and homocamosine derivatives, bringing into light the role of the O-CD cavity.

Synthesis and antioxidant activity of new homocarnosine beta-cyclodextrin conjugates

AMORINI AM
Primo
;
LAZZARINO, Giuseppe;SORTINO, Salvatore;RIZZARELLI, Enrico;VECCHIO, Graziella
2007-01-01

Abstract

Several in vitro and in vivo studies have suggested that carnosine (beta-alanil-L-histidine) and homocamosine (beta-aminobutyril-L-histidine) can act as scavengers of reactive oxygen species. beta-Cyclodextrin was functionalized with homocamosine, obtaining the following new bioconjugate isomers: 6(A)-[(4-1[(IS)-1-carboxy-2-(1H-imidazol-4-yl)ethyl] amino}-4-oxobutyl)amino]-6(A)-deoxy-o-cyclodextrin and (2(A)S,3(A)R)-3(A)+4-{ [(1S)-1-carboxy-2-(1H-imidazol-4-yl)ethyl] amino}-4-oxobutyl)amino]-3(A)-deoxy-beta-cyclodextrin. Pulse radiolysis investigations show that the beta-cyclodextrin homocamosine bioconjugates are scavengers of (OH)-O-center dot radicals because of the formation of stable imidazole-centered radicals and the scavenger ability of glucose molecules of the macrocycle. The ability of these new beta-cyclodextrin derivatives to inhibit the copper(II) driven LDL oxidation was determined in comparison with that displayed by the analogous camosine derivatives. Both the beta-cyclodextrin carnosine isomers show a higher protective effect than that of free dipeptide and homocarnosine derivatives, bringing into light the role of the beta-CD cavity. The ability of these new beta-cyclodextrin derivatives to inhibit the copper(II) driven LDL oxidation was determined in comparison with that displayed by the analogous carnosine derivatives. Both the beta-cyclodextrin carnosine isomers show a higher protective effect than that of free dipeptide and homocamosine derivatives, bringing into light the role of the O-CD cavity.
2007
beta-cylodextrin ; homocarnosine; carnosine; low density lipoprotein; pulse radiolysis
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
Carnosin-derivative Part I.pdf

solo gestori archivio

Tipologia: Versione Editoriale (PDF)
Licenza: Non specificato
Dimensione 489.92 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
489.92 kB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/26444
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 4
  • Scopus 23
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 22
social impact