Fetal spinal cord (SC) tissue grafts can survive and develop into the lesioned SC, but no conclusive data are available concerning the long-term fate of transplanted material and the relation between the graft fate and the donor embryo age. Here, pre-labelled suspensions of ventral SC from E12 or E17 rat fetuses were grafted to the lumbar SC of adult rats with motoneuron depletion induced by perinatal injection of volkensin. E12 and E17 are presumably the stages when motoneuron development starts and terminates, respectively. Four or 10months post-grafting, SCs were analyzed to check the graft survival rate and to follow the differentiation and spatial distributions of grafted cells. Neurotoxic lesion produced a 61% motoneuronal loss in the lumbar SC. In transplanted animals, all E12 fetal grafts survived until the observed time-points and developed various mature cell phenotypes. Many motoneuron-like labelled cells were found within the graft area or adjacent to it. Conversely, none of the E17 fetal grafts survived, since no graft-derived elements with neuronal morphology were found either in the site of graft placement or adjacent to it. The present findings indicate that spinal neuroblasts can survive for a long time and develop within the motoneuron-depleted SC, and that the donor embryo age is crucial for successful engraftment.
|Titolo:||Long-term survival and development of fetal ventral spinal grafts into the motoneuron-depleted rat spinal cord: role of donor age|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2010|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|