Numerous experimental evidence sustains a pathogenic role for oxidative stress in aging. Acute and chronic ethanol metabolism is also known to be associated with oxidative perturbation of cellular oxidant/antioxidant balance. In the present work we investigated the effects of 25 months of ethanol consumption on the antioxidant defense system in different organs of rats, in comparison with normal and aged animals. We show that aged rats underwent a significant perturbation of the antioxidant defense system, as indicated by depletion of reduced glutathione content, increases in oxidized glutathione and free radical-induced urinary luminescence associated with a decrease of glutathione reductase and increase of glutathione transferase activities. These modifications, observed particularly in the liver and brain, were enhanced by long-term alcohol exposure. Our results indicate that increased glutathione transferase activity and decreased glutathione reductase activity, followed by thiol depletion, are important factors sustaining a pathogenic role for oxidative stress in aging and in all situations where age-correlated changes occur. They also reinforce the oxidative potential of toxic compounds, such as ethanol intoxication.
|Titolo:||Long-term ethanol administration enhances urinary ultraweak luminescence and age-dependent modulation of redox in central and peripheral organs of the rat|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1998|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|