Diflunisal release from poly-Lactide-co-Glycolide (50:50, 34,000 MW):microspheres loaded with two different amounts of drug (2.5 +/- 0.5% and 10 +/- 0.5%, w/w) was monitored by following the effects exerted by the drug on the thermotropic behavior of dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine unilamellar vesicles at different temperatures,The effects of the drug released from the microspheres on the,thermotropic behavior of lipid aqueous dispersion containing different molar ratios of drug was detected by differential scanning calorimetry and was compared with the effects exerted by the free Diflunisal, Diflunisal affects mainly the temperature (T-m) of the:transition characteristic of phospholipid vesicles as model biomembrane, causing a shift toward lower values. This shift was modulated by the drug molar fraction with respect to the lipid concentration in the aqueous dispersion, Afterward, calorimetric measurements were performed on suspensions of blank liposomes added to weighed amounts of unloaded and differently Diflunisal-loaded microspheres as well as free powdered Diflunisal after incubation for increasing times at three different temperatures (25, 37, and 50 degrees C): The T-m shifts of the lipid bilayer, caused by the drug released from polymeric system as well as by the free drug during incubation periods, were compared with that caused by free drug increasing molar fractions dispersed directly on the membrane, employed as a calibration curve to obtain the fraction of drug released, This in vitro study suggests that the kinetic process involved in drug release is influenced by the amount of drug loaded in the microspheres as well as by the temperature acting on drug solubility and membrane disorder. This drug release model, monitored by the calorimetric technique shows that a) the poly-Lactide-co-Glycolide microspheres are a good delivery system able to sustain the drug release; b) the differential scanning calorimetry technique applied on the drug interaction with biomembranes constitutes a good tool to follow the drug release; 3) this model, representing an innovative alternative in vitro model, should be used to determine the different kinetics involved in the drug transfer from a drug delivery system to a membrane as uptake site.
|Titolo:||A calorimetric study on diflunisal release from poly(lactide-co-glycolide) microspheres by monitoring the drug effect on dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine liposomes: Temperature and drug leading influence|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2000|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|