BACKGROUND: Helicobacter pylori eradication has become the standard treatment for peptic ulcer disease. H. pylori-eradicating triple therapy with omeprazole plus two antibiotics has been used until recently; however, the efficacy of pantoprazole and antibiotics for H. pylori eradication has not been researched thoroughly until now. The aim of this randomized clinical trial was to verify the efficacy of triple oral therapy comparing the effects of pantoprazole using two different doses versus omeprazole twice daily in H. pylori eradication, in ulcer healing and relapses, and in gastritis improvement. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We enrolled 243 patients with H. pylori-positive duodenal ulcer and randomized them into three treatment groups: 84 patients (group Ome40) were assigned to receive omeprazole, 20 mg twice daily, plus amoxicillin, 1 gm twice daily, and clarithromycin, 500 mg twice daily for 10 days; 79 patients (group Pan40) were treated with pantoprazole, 40 mg daily, plus amoxicillin and clarithromycin at the same doses as those of group Ome40; and 80 patients (group Pan80) were treated with pantoprazole, 40 mg twice daily, plus amoxicillin and clarithromycin at the same doses as those of group Ome40. RESULTS: Ulcer healing was observed in 81 of 84 patients (96.4%) in group Ome40; in 66 of 79 patients (83.5%) in group Pan40; and in 77 of 80 patients (96.2%) in group Pan80. H. pylori was eradicated in 79 of 84 patients (94%) in group Ome40; in 63 of 79 patients (79.7%) in group Pan40; and in 75 of 80 patients (93.7%) in group Pan80. CONCLUSIONS: We found that 10-day triple therapy with amoxicillin, clarithromycin, and either pantoprazole, 80 mg daily, or omeprazole, 40 mg daily, is highly effective in ulcer healing and is very well tolerated, achieving the 90% cure recommended for an ideal first-line anti-H. pylori positive duodenal ulcer treatment regimen.
|Titolo:||Comparative treatment of Helicobacter pylori-positive duodenal ulcer using pantoprazole at low and high doses versus omeprazole in triple therapy.|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1999|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|