Salinity is one of the major abiotic stresses that reduce plant growth and crop productivity in many veg- etable production areas of the world. Grafting can represent an interesting tool to avoid or reduce yield losses caused by salinity stress in high-yielding genotypes belonging to Solanaceae and Cucurbitaceae families. Grafting is an integrative reciprocal process and, therefore, both scion and rootstock can influ- ence salt tolerance of grafted plants. Grafted plants grown under saline conditions often exhibited better growth and yield, higher photosynthesis and leaf water content, greater root-to-shoot ratio, higher accu- mulation of compatible osmolytes, abscisic acid and polyamines in leaves, greater antioxidant capacity in leaves, and lower accumulation of Na+ and/or Cl− in shoots than ungrafted or self-grafted plants. This report gives an overview of the recent literature on the salinity response of grafted plants and the mechanisms of salt tolerance in grafted plants related to the morphological root characteristics and the physiological and biochemical processes. The review will conclude by identifying several prospects for future researches aiming to improve the role of grafting in vegetable crops grown under saline conditions.
|Titolo:||Role of grafting in vegetable crops grown under saline conditions|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2010|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|