OBJECTIVES:To investigate the effects of a combined oral contraceptive (COC) containing 17β-estradiol (E2) 1.5 mg and nomegestrol acetate 2.5 mg (NOMAC/E2) on the sexual health of women affected by low sexual desire due to COCs containing ethinylestradiol.MATERIALS AND METHODS:Eighty-three women (age range 19-32) participated in the study. Sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG), total testosterone (TT), and free androgen index (FAI) were measured. The Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI) and the Female Sexual Distress Scale (FSDS) questionnaires were used to assess sexual function and distress, respectively. Hormonal levels were measured and questionnaires were administered before the women switched COC NOMAC/E2 usage (baseline) and at the 3-month (first) and 6-month (second) follow-ups.RESULTS:SHBG reduction (p < 0.001), TT (p < 0.05), and FAI increases (p < 0.001) were observed during the first and second follow-ups with respect to baseline values. Sexual desire increased from baseline to the first and second follow-ups (p < 0.001). At baseline, the total FSFI score was 22 ± 1.5 and the FSDS score was 16.6 ± 1.3, both indicating sexual dysfunction with sexual distress. At the first follow-up, the total FSFI score and the FSDS score increased toward sexual health values, being 28.3 ± 1.6 and 12.1 ± 1.5, respectively (p < 0.001). At the second follow-up, the FSFI score had risen to 30.6 ± 1.3 (p < 0.001) and the FSDS score had dropped to 8.3 ± 1.4 (p < 0.001).CONCLUSIONS:COCs containing E2 are an innovation that could help women to not suffer from low sexual desire during hypoandrogenic COC usage.

Improvement of Low Sexual Desire Due to Antiandrogenic Combined Oral Contraceptives After Switching to an Oral Contraceptive Containing 17β-Estradiol.

CARUSO, Salvatore
Primo
Writing – Review & Editing
;
CIANCI, Antonio
Ultimo
Membro del Collaboration Group
2017-01-01

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:To investigate the effects of a combined oral contraceptive (COC) containing 17β-estradiol (E2) 1.5 mg and nomegestrol acetate 2.5 mg (NOMAC/E2) on the sexual health of women affected by low sexual desire due to COCs containing ethinylestradiol.MATERIALS AND METHODS:Eighty-three women (age range 19-32) participated in the study. Sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG), total testosterone (TT), and free androgen index (FAI) were measured. The Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI) and the Female Sexual Distress Scale (FSDS) questionnaires were used to assess sexual function and distress, respectively. Hormonal levels were measured and questionnaires were administered before the women switched COC NOMAC/E2 usage (baseline) and at the 3-month (first) and 6-month (second) follow-ups.RESULTS:SHBG reduction (p < 0.001), TT (p < 0.05), and FAI increases (p < 0.001) were observed during the first and second follow-ups with respect to baseline values. Sexual desire increased from baseline to the first and second follow-ups (p < 0.001). At baseline, the total FSFI score was 22 ± 1.5 and the FSDS score was 16.6 ± 1.3, both indicating sexual dysfunction with sexual distress. At the first follow-up, the total FSFI score and the FSDS score increased toward sexual health values, being 28.3 ± 1.6 and 12.1 ± 1.5, respectively (p < 0.001). At the second follow-up, the FSFI score had risen to 30.6 ± 1.3 (p < 0.001) and the FSDS score had dropped to 8.3 ± 1.4 (p < 0.001).CONCLUSIONS:COCs containing E2 are an innovation that could help women to not suffer from low sexual desire during hypoandrogenic COC usage.
2017
17β-estradiol; low sexual desire; nomegestrol acetate
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/30034
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