The evaluation of DNA damage in aquatic organisms represents one of the most widely used biomarkers in the assessment and monitoring of marine pollution. Our previous research highlighted the presence of DNA damage in hepatic nuclei and blood cells of Coris julis specimens collected from Augusta harbor (Syracuse, Italy), a site highly polluted. In this work, we investigated on the ability of different natural compounds with antioxidant and immunostimulating properties, such as resveratrol (50 μM, 100 μM), amygdalin (100 μM, 200 μM), and Urtica dioica roots extract (50 and/or 100 μg/ml), in reducing DNA damage of C. julis. Blood cells were analyzed by atypical cellular comet assay. The results confirmed that Augusta specimens are the most damaged and showed that resveratrol, followed by amygdalin and U. dioica roots extract, drastically reduced DNA damage. This finding evidences the effectiveness of three natural compounds for DNA protection suggesting the possible use of feed enriched with antioxidant compounds in aquaculture practices for organisms damaged by natural and anthropic insults.

Effectiveness of Natural Compounds on DNA Damage in Coris julis (Linneaus 1758) from a Polluted Marine Area

DI MAURO, MARIA DOMENICA;FERRITO, Venera;SCIFO, Christian Guido Ivan;RENIS, Marcella;TOMASELLO, BARBARA
2017

Abstract

The evaluation of DNA damage in aquatic organisms represents one of the most widely used biomarkers in the assessment and monitoring of marine pollution. Our previous research highlighted the presence of DNA damage in hepatic nuclei and blood cells of Coris julis specimens collected from Augusta harbor (Syracuse, Italy), a site highly polluted. In this work, we investigated on the ability of different natural compounds with antioxidant and immunostimulating properties, such as resveratrol (50 μM, 100 μM), amygdalin (100 μM, 200 μM), and Urtica dioica roots extract (50 and/or 100 μg/ml), in reducing DNA damage of C. julis. Blood cells were analyzed by atypical cellular comet assay. The results confirmed that Augusta specimens are the most damaged and showed that resveratrol, followed by amygdalin and U. dioica roots extract, drastically reduced DNA damage. This finding evidences the effectiveness of three natural compounds for DNA protection suggesting the possible use of feed enriched with antioxidant compounds in aquaculture practices for organisms damaged by natural and anthropic insults.
Aquaculture; Atypical comet assay; Coris julis; DNA damage; Feed supplements; Natural compounds; Environmental Engineering; Environmental Chemistry; Ecological Modeling; Water Science and Technology; Pollution
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/300971
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