This study evaluated the bioequivalence of a new Cyclosporine A microemulsion formulation in comparison to the reference market standard. Twenty-four adult healthy volunteers were randomised to receive the two Cyclosporin A microemulsion formulations, at a dose of 2.5 mg/kg, according to a cross-over design. Blood samples were taken before drug administration and at 12 points within 24 hours. Cyclosporine A whole blood concentrations were determined by HPLC. The pharmacokinetic parameters AUC0-t and AUC0-0-∞ were calculated by the trapezoidal rule, Cmax and Tmax were obtained directly from blood data. AUCs and Cmax were tested for bioequivalence after log transformation of data, differences for Tmax were evaluated by the rank test of Wilcoxon for paired data. The 90% confidence interval ratio between tested/reference drug was 0.98 for AUC0-t, 0.96 for AUC0-? and 1.01 for Cmax. All of them were within the range of bioequivalence. Tmax was 1.60 +/- 0.44 hours after test drug and 1.67 +/- 0.48 after reference drug (p = 0.27, Wilcoxon test). According to these results the two Cyclosporine A microemulsion formulations can be considered bioequivalent.
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