Natural asbestiform fbers are defned 'naturally occurring asbestos' (NOA) and refer to the mineral as a natural component of soils or rocks. The release of NOA fbers into the air from rocks or soils by routine human activities or natural weathering processes represents a risk for human beings. Fluoro-edenite (FE) is a NOA fber detected in the benmoreitic lava in the area of Biancavilla, South-west slope of Mt. Etna. The aim of the present study was to investigate FE immunotoxicity pathways in a group of 38 occupationally exposed construction workers, in order to fnd any biological markers of its effect. Subjects underwent respiratory function tests and HRCT total chest scanning. Serum IL-1β, IL-6, IL-8 and TNF-α were measured. The presence of PPs was signifcantly greater in subjects exposed than in the control (25 vs. 2). In subjects exposed to FE, IL-1β and TNF-α values were signifcantly higher than the controls. The previously observed increase of IL-1β and IL-18 showed a probable involvement of the proteic complex defned inflammosome by FE fbers.
|Titolo:||Immunomodulatory effects in workers exposed to naturally occurring asbestos fbers|
LEDDA, CATERINA (Primo) (Corresponding)
RAPISARDA, VENERANDO (Penultimo)
LORETO, CARLA AGATA (Ultimo)
|Data di pubblicazione:||2017|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|