The electronic structures of a series of closely related U(eta5-C5H5)3L (L = -CH3, -NH2, -BH4, -NCS) complexes has been studied using the SCF Hartree-Fock-Slater first-principles discrete variational Xalpha method in combination with He I and He II UV photoelectron spectroscopy. The theoretical results reproduce the experimental He I and He II photoelectron spectroscopic data, thus providing a reliable description of the metal-ligand bonding. Symmetry considerations render the 5f elements well-suited templates for coordination of the Cp3 ligand cluster. Interactions not restricted by symmetry appear partially or entirely modulated by the angular properties of pi2-related MO's. Bonding interactions with ancillary L ligands involve either 5f(z)3 or 6d(z)2 metal orbitals, depending upon the energies of the unperturbed ligand orbital counterparts. Metal-ligand interactions cause the energies of 5f orbitals to split into a narrow manifold with a remarkable "ligand field" energy shift associated only with the 5f(y(3x2-y2)) orbital. The L --> M charge donation results in an electronic configuration of the uranium atom which is almost constant throughout the U(C5H5)3L series and similar to that found in a fully relativistic SCF Dirac-Slater calculation on the simpler uranium atom. The stringent necessity of maintaining the uranium center in a particularly stable electronic configuration causes greater donation (hence larger covalency in the bonding) from ancillary L ligands to be compensated for by an increasing (L = -NH2 < -CH3 < -NCS < BH4-) ionic character of the U-Cp bonds. The present results show that nonrelativistic DV-Xalpha calculations, optimized for basis set and potential representation, reproduce experimental photoelectron spectroscopic data, including He I/He II relative intensity changes.
|Titolo:||PHOTOELECTRON-SPECTROSCOPY OF F-ELEMENT ORGANOMETALLIC COMPLEXES .8. DV-X-ALPHA AND GAS-PHASE UV PHOTOELECTRON SPECTROSCOPIC INVESTIGATION OF THE ELECTRONIC-STRUCTURE OF TRIS(ETA-5-CYCLOPENTADIENYL)URANIUM(IV) COMPLEXES|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1992|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|