B diffusion measurements are used to probe the basic nature of self-interstitial point defects in Ge. We find two distinct self-interstitial forms—a simple one with low entropy and a complex one with entropy ∼30 k at the migration saddle point. The latter dominates diffusion at high temperature. We propose that its structure is similar to that of an amorphous pocket—we name it a morph. Computational modeling suggests that morphs exist in both self-interstitial and vacancylike forms, and are crucial for diffusion and defect dynamics in Ge, Si, and probably many other crystalline solids.
|Titolo:||Extended Point Defects in Crystalline Materials: Ge and Si|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2013|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|