The key points in the design of microfluidic Lab-On-a-Chips for blood tests are the simplicity of the microfluidic chip geometry, the portability of the monitoring system and the ease on-chip integration of the data analysis procedure. The majority of those, recently designed, have been used for blood separation, however their introduction, also, for pathological conditions diagnosis would be important in different biomedical contexts. To overcome this lack is necessary to establish the relation between the RBCs flow and blood viscosity changes in micro-vessels. For that, the development of methods to analyze the dynamics of the RBCs flows in networks of micro-channels becomes essential in the study of RBCs flows in micro-vascular networks. A simplification in the experimental set-up and in the approach for the data collection and analysis could contribute significantly to understand the relation between the blood non-Newtonian properties and the emergent behaviors in collective RBCs flows. In this paper, we have investigated the collective behaviors of RBCs in a micro-channel in unsteady conditions, using a simplified monitoring set-up and implementing a 2D image processing procedure based on the digital particle image velocimetry. Our experimental study consisted in the analysis of RBCs motions freely in the micro-channel and driven by an external pressure. Despite the equipment minimal complexity, the advanced signal processing method implemented has allowed a significant qualitative and quantitative classification of the RBCs behaviors and the dynamical characterization of the particles velocities along both the horizontal and vertical directions. The concurrent causes for the particles displacement as the base solution-particles interaction, particle-particle interaction, and the external force due to pressure gradient were accounted in the results interpretation. The method implemented and the results obtained represent a proof of concept toward the realization of a general-purpose microfluidic LOC device for in-vitro flow analysis of RBCs collective behaviors.
|Titolo:||Emergent behaviors in RBCs flows in micro-channels using digital particle image velocimetry|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2018|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|