Magnetoplasmas in ECR-Ion Sources are excited from gaseous elements or vapours by microwaves in the range 2.45-28 GHz via Electron Cyclotron Resonance. A B-minimum, magnetohydrodynamic stable configuration is used for trapping the plasma. The values of plasma density, temperature and confinement times are typically ne= 1011-1013cm-3, 01 eV<Te<10 keV, 0.001<tc<1 s. At INFN-LNS several diagnostics tools have been developed for probing the electromagnetic emission of such plasmas, in the optical/X-ray domain. Fast Silicon Drift detectors with high energy resolution of 125 eV at 5.9 keV have been used for the characterization of plasma emission at 02<E<3 keV . In the domain 0.4-17 keV an X-ray pin-hole camera technique has allowed space resolved X-ray spectroscopy with a spatial resolution down to 30 Î¼m and an energy resolution down to 140 eV at 5.9 keV . In parallel, imaging in the optical range and spectroscopic measurements have been carried out. Relative abundances of H/H2atoms/molecules in the plasmas have been measured for different values of neutral pressure, microwave power and magnetic field profile (they are critical for high-power proton sources).
|Titolo:||Electromagnetic diagnostics of ECR-Ion Sources plasmas: Optical/X-ray imaging and spectroscopy|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2017|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|