An in-situ calibration of a logarithmic periodic dipole antenna with a frequency cover- age of 30 MHz to 80 MHz is performed. Such antennas are part of a radio station system used for detection of cosmic ray induced air showers at the Engineering Radio Array of the Pierre Auger Observatory, the so-called Auger Engineering Radio Array (AERA). The directional and frequency characteristics of the broadband antenna are investigated using a remotely piloted aircraft carrying a small transmitting antenna. The antenna sensitivity is described by the vector effective length relating the measured voltage with the electric-field components perpendicular to the incoming signal direction. The horizontal and meridional components are determined with an overall un- certainty of 7 . 4 + 0 . 9 − 0 . 3 % and 10 . 3 + 2 . 8 − 1 . 7 % respectively. The measurement is used to correct a simulated response of the frequency and directional response of the antenna. In addition, the influence of the ground conductivity and permittivity on the antenna response is simulated. Both have a negligible influence given the ground conditions measured at the detector site. The overall uncertainties of the vector effective length components result in an uncertainty of 8 . 8 + 2 . 1 − 1 . 3 % in the square root of the energy fluence for incoming signal directions with zenith angles smaller than 60 ◦ .
|Titolo:||Calibration of the logarithmic-periodic dipole antenna (LPDA) radio stations at the Pierre Auger Observatory using an octocopter|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2017|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|