Epidemiologic studies have reported that exposure to arsenic (As) is associated with higher risk of cardiovascular disease (i.e., coronary heart disease and peripheral arterial heart disease) and mortality. This cross-sectional study aimed to compare serum lipid, lipoprotein, and apolipoprotein profiles in workers exposed to As. The subjects of this study included 57 workers exposed to As and 57 controls. Demographic characteristics and occupational information were collected through questionnaires. Exposure to As was assessed in indoor air of a workplace and determined using the creatinine values in the urine. Blood samples were collected using immunochemistry and nephelometry to measure the levels of total cholesterol (CHOL), triglycerides (TRIG), high-density lipoprotein (HDL), low-density lipoprotein (LDL), lipoprotein(a) (Lp(a)), apolipoprotein-A1 (Apo-A1), and apolipoprotein-B (Apo-B). No significant difference in the demographic data was detected between the two groups. Urinary As concentration was significantly (p < 0.001) higher in exposed subjects than in the controls (13.4 Â± 6.1 and 4.4 Â± 6.1 Î¼g/gCreat, respectively). No statistically significant differences were observed in CHOL, TRIG, HDL, and LDL concentrations between the two groups. Lp(a), Apo-B, and Apo-B/Apo-A1 ratio values were significantly higher and the Apo-A1 level was significantly lower in the exposed group than in the control subjects. Regression analysis highlighted a significant (p < 0.001) association between urinary As and Lp(a), Apo-A1, and Apo-B concentration, and Apo-B/Apo-A1 ratio. This study revealed the influence of As on apolipoproteins, suggesting a potential risk of cardiovascular diseases in subjects exposed to low levels of As.
|Titolo:||Serum lipid, lipoprotein and apolipoprotein profiles in workers exposed to low arsenic levels: Lipid profiles and occupational arsenic exposure|
LEDDA, CATERINA (Corresponding)
|Data di pubblicazione:||2018|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|