Differential diagnosis between vascular parkinsonism (VP) and idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus (iNPH) is particularly challenging due to similar clinical and neuroradiological features. The objective of this study is to differentiate VP with radiological evidence of ventricular enlargement (REVE) from iNPH on the basis of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) hydrodynamics. CSF pressure components were investigated in patients with a clinical diagnosis of VP and REVE. Data of eight patients (seven men; age 76Â Â±Â 3.9Â years; disease duration 26.5Â Â±Â 15.6Â months) were evaluated. CSF opening pressure values were normal in all patients. Also, mean CSF pressure values during short-term monitoring were normal, except in one patient. Four out of the eight patients had raised values of pulse wave amplitude (PWA) during the opening phase (meanÂ Â±Â SD 57.1Â Â±Â 19.9Â mmH2O), meanwhile during short-term monitoring, seven out of the eight patients showed raised values of mean PWA (76.8Â Â±Â 23Â mmH2O). We found that most of patients with clinical characteristics of VP and REVE showed elevated PWA during the short-term monitoring of CSF pressure as observed in iNPH patients. Patients clinically identified as VP may be part of the clinical spectrum of iNPH.
|Titolo:||Vascular parkinsonism or idiopathic NPH? New insights from CSF pressure analysis|
ZAPPIA, MARIO (Corresponding)
|Data di pubblicazione:||2017|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|