The source mechanisms responsible for large historical tsunamis that have struck eastern Sicily and southern Calabria are a topic of robust debate. We have compiled a database of historical coeval descriptions of three large tsunamis: 11 January 1693, 6 February 1783, and 28 December 1908. By using accounts of run-up and inundation and employing an approach proposed by Okal and Synolakis in 2004, we can provide discriminants to define the nature of the near-field tsunami sources (fault dislocation or landslide). Historical reports for the 1908 event describe affected localities, maximum runups, and inundation areas. However, for the 1693 and 1783 tsunamis, reports are limited to inundation and occasional run-up estimates. We calculate run-up values for these events using available relations between inundation and run-up. We employed the model of Okal and Synolakis to the obtained profiles of tsunami run-up along the inundated shorelines. The 1908 run-up data distribution confirms that the tsunami is compatible with a seismic dislocation source, whereas the 1783 data supports contemporary observations and recent offshore investigations suggesting that the tsunami was produced by an earthquake-triggered submarine landslide. Analysis of the 1693 event data suggests that the tsunami was generated during a tectonic event and thus a seismogenic source should be found offshore.
|Titolo:||Discrimination of the nature of tsunami sources (earthquake vs. landslide) on the basis of historical data in eastern Sicily and southern Calabria|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2008|
|Citazione:||Discrimination of the nature of tsunami sources (earthquake vs. landslide) on the basis of historical data in eastern Sicily and southern Calabria / GERARDI F; BARBANO M.S.; DE MARTINI P.M; PANTOSTI D. - In: BULLETIN OF THE SEISMOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF AMERICA. - ISSN 0037-1106. - 98:6(2008), pp. 2795-2805.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|