This review focuses on metal complexes of cyclodextrin (CyD) derivatives designed for application as therapeutics or diagnostics. We discuss examples of metalloprotein models (hemoglobin, superoxide dismutase and catalase) based on cyclodextrins. The hydrophobic microenvironment of CyDs stabilizes the Fe(II) porphyrin system that can reversibly bind O2 or CO in water. Superoxide dismutase/catalase mimetics exploit functionalization with CyDs, which increase their solubility and biological activity. Furthermore, CyDs have been used as scaffolds to obtain multicenter metal complexes: paramagnetic systems act as high-performance contrast agents for magnetic resonance imaging applications. Finally, we review CyD ligands, whose use appears promising in metal chelation therapy, as CyD moiety confers additional properties to the ligands.

Metallocyclodextrins in medicinal chemistry

Valentina Oliveri;Graziella Vecchio
2018

Abstract

This review focuses on metal complexes of cyclodextrin (CyD) derivatives designed for application as therapeutics or diagnostics. We discuss examples of metalloprotein models (hemoglobin, superoxide dismutase and catalase) based on cyclodextrins. The hydrophobic microenvironment of CyDs stabilizes the Fe(II) porphyrin system that can reversibly bind O2 or CO in water. Superoxide dismutase/catalase mimetics exploit functionalization with CyDs, which increase their solubility and biological activity. Furthermore, CyDs have been used as scaffolds to obtain multicenter metal complexes: paramagnetic systems act as high-performance contrast agents for magnetic resonance imaging applications. Finally, we review CyD ligands, whose use appears promising in metal chelation therapy, as CyD moiety confers additional properties to the ligands.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/318261
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