A variety of human malignancies overexpresses isoform A of the insulin receptor (IR-A) and produces IGFs (IGF-I and/or IGF-II). IR-A binds IGF-II with high affinity (although 4-fold lower than that for insulin), whereas it binds IGF-I with low affinity (approximately 30-fold lower than that for insulin). However, in engineered cells expressing only the IR-A, but not IGF-I receptor (R-/IR-A cells), IGF-II is a more potent mitogen than insulin. Herein, we investigated downstream signaling of IGF-II, IGF-I, and insulin in R-/IR-A cells to better understand their role in cell growth. We found that despite inducing a lower IR-A autophosphorylation than insulin, IGF-II was more potent than insulin for activating p70S6 kinase (p70S6K) and approximately equally potent in activating the early peaks of ERK1/2 and Akt. However, ERK1/2 activation persisted longer after IGF-II, whereas Akt activation persisted longer after insulin. Therefore, cells stimulated with IGF-II had a higher p70S6K/Akt activation ratio than cells stimulated with insulin. Remarkably, IGF-I also elicited a similar signaling pattern as IGF-II, despite inducing minimal IR-A autophosphorylation. ERK1/2 and protein kinase C seem to be involved in the preferential stimulation of p70S6K by IGFs. In conclusion, our study has identified a novel complex role of IR-A, which not only elicits a unique signaling pattern after IGF-II binding but also induces substantial downstream signaling upon binding to the low-affinity ligand IGF-I. These results underline the role of IR-A in physiology and disease. Copyright Â© 2009 by The Endocrine Society.
|Titolo:||Differential signaling activation by insulin and insulin-like growth factors I and II upon binding to insulin receptor isoform A|
BELFIORE, Antonino (Corresponding)
|Data di pubblicazione:||2009|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|