We investigated the expression of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) and lymphocyte function-associated antigen-3 (LFA-3) by thyrocytes and their regulation by cytokines. Immunofluorescence studies on cryostat sections and on freshly dispersed cell preparations showed that ICAM-1 and LFA-3 are barely detectable in non-autoimmune thyrocytes. However, thyrocytes acquired ICAM-1 expression in culture. IFN-gamma, IL-1 beta and TNF-alpha produced a clear enhancement of ICAM-1 expression. When tested in combination, IL-1 beta and TNF-alpha were additive to the IFN-gamma effect. LFA-3 expression was not modulated by these cytokines. In the HT93 thyroid cell line generated by transfection with SV40, ICAM-1 and LFA-3 were both constitutively expressed at high levels. Cytokines modulated ICAM-1 expression similarly, but to a greater extent than in normal thyrocytes. LFA-3 remained unmodified. These results support the notion that normal thyrocytes are immunologically silent cells. The capability of cytokines to induce ICAM-1 together with HLA class I and class II-expression on thyrocytes suggests that under their influence, these cells may express all the surface molecules required for antigen presentation and/or for being recognized as target cells in the context of thyroid autoimmune disease.
|Titolo:||Induction of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 but not of lymphocyte function-associated antigen-3 in thyroid follicular cells|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1992|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|