Newborn infants have elevated serum thyroglobulin (Tg) levels and reduced iodination of Tg. To determine whether a relationship exists between serum Tg levels and the degree of Tg iodination, 699 newborn infants were studied in 3 areas of Sicily: a normal iodine-sufficient (control) area and 2 iodine-deficient areas. In the iodine-sufficient area, the mean cord serum Tg level was 25.8 ng/ml (median, 18.0; n = 183). In the iodine-deficient areas, the serum Tg levels in newborns were significantly higher, with mean levels of 43.4 ng/ml (median, 29.7; n = 304; P < 0.01) and 60.1 ng/ml (median, 48.0; n = 212; P < 0.005), respectively. The higher serum Tg level at birth was hot entirely due to increased cord serum TSH levels, since newborns from the iodine-deficient areas with serum TSH levels at birth similar to those in infants from the control area had higher serum Tg levels. Serum Tg levels correlated with the serum T3 to T4 ratio, but not with serum TSH, T4, or T3 levels. These data suggest that iodine availability, which affects the degree of thyroid Tg iodination, partially determines serum Tg levels at birth. Â© 1986 by The Endocrine Society.
|Titolo:||Serum thyroglobulin levels are elevated in newborns from iodine-deficient areas|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1986|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|