The hydrogen Balmer series is a basic radiative loss channel from the flaring solar chromosphere. We report here on the analysis of an extremely rare set of simultaneous observations of a solar flare in the HÎ± and HÎ² lines, at high spatial and temporal resolutions, that were acquired at the Dunn Solar Telescope. Images of the C3.3 flare (SOL2014-04-22T15:22) made at various wavelengths along the HÎ± line profile by the Interferometric Bidimensional Spectrometer (IBIS) and in the HÎ² with the Rapid Oscillations in the Solar Atmosphere (ROSA) broadband imager are analyzed to obtain the intensity evolution. The HÎ± and HÎ² intensity excesses in three identified flare footpoints are well-correlated in time. We examine the ratio of HÎ± to HÎ² flare excess, which was proposed by previous authors as a possible diagnostic of the level of electron-beam energy input. In the stronger footpoints, the typical value of the the HÎ±/H Î² intensity ratio observed is â¼0.4-0.5, in broad agreement with values obtained from a RADYN non-LTE simulation driven by an electron beam with parameters constrained (as far as possible) by observation. The weaker footpoint has a larger Ha/H Î² ratio, again consistent with a RADYN simulation, but with a smaller energy flux. The HÎ± line profiles observed have a less prominent central reversal than is predicted by the RADYN results, but can be brought into agreement if the HÎ±-emitting material has a filling factor of around 0.2-0.3.
|Titolo:||Hα and Hβ Emission in a C3.3 Solar Flare: Comparison between Observations and Simulations|
CAPPARELLI, VINCENZO (Corresponding)
|Data di pubblicazione:||2017|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|