The chronic occupational exposure to contaminants and carcinogens leads to the development of cancer. Over the past decades, many carcinogens have been found in the occupational environment and their presence is often associated with an increased incidence of cancer. According to the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), the majority of carcinogens are classifed as 'probable' and 'possible' human carcinogens, while, direct evidence of carcinogenicity is provided in epidemiological and experimental studies. Additionally, accumulating evidence suggests that epigenetic alterations may be early indicators of genotoxic and non-genotoxic carcinogen exposure. In the present review, the relationship between exposures to benzene, mineral fbers, metals and epigenetic alterations are discussed as the most important cancer risk factors during work activities.

Epigenetic alterations and occupational exposure to benzene, fbers, and heavy metals associated with tumor development (Review)

Franco, Sabrina;Rapisarda, Venerando;Libra, Massimo
2017

Abstract

The chronic occupational exposure to contaminants and carcinogens leads to the development of cancer. Over the past decades, many carcinogens have been found in the occupational environment and their presence is often associated with an increased incidence of cancer. According to the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), the majority of carcinogens are classifed as 'probable' and 'possible' human carcinogens, while, direct evidence of carcinogenicity is provided in epidemiological and experimental studies. Additionally, accumulating evidence suggests that epigenetic alterations may be early indicators of genotoxic and non-genotoxic carcinogen exposure. In the present review, the relationship between exposures to benzene, mineral fbers, metals and epigenetic alterations are discussed as the most important cancer risk factors during work activities.
Benzene; Cancer; Epigenetics; Fibers; Heavy metals; Occupational exposure; Benzene; Carcinogens; DNA Methylation; Humans; Metals, Heavy; MicroRNAs; Neoplasms; Risk Factors; Epigenomics; Occupational Exposure; Biochemistry; Molecular Medicine; Molecular Biology; Genetics; Oncology; Cancer Research
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/322634
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