The importance of allosteric proteasome inhibition in the treatment of cancer is becoming increasingly evident. Motivated by this urgent therapeutic need, we have recently identified cationic porphyrins as a highly versatile class of molecules able to regulate proteasome activity by interfering with gating mechanisms. In the present study, the mapping of electrostatic contacts bridging the regulatory particles with the Î±-rings of the human 20S proteasome led us to the identification of (meso-tetrakis(4-N-methylphenyl pyridyl)-porphyrin (pTMPyPP4) as a novel non-competitive inhibitor of human 20S proteasome. pTMPyPP4 inhibition mechanism implies a positive cooperative binding to proteasome, which disappears when a permanently open proteasome mutant (Î±-3ÎN) is used, supporting the hypothesis that the events associated with allosteric proteasome inhibition by pTMPyPP4 interfere with 20S gating and affect its "open-closed" equilibrium. Therefore, we propose that the spatial distribution of the negatively charged residues responsible for the interaction with regulatory particles at the Î±-ring surface of human 20S may be exploited as a blueprint for the design of allosteric proteasome regulators.
|Titolo:||Electrostatic Map of Proteasome Î±-Rings Encodes the Design of Allosteric Porphyrin-Based Inhibitors Able to Affect 20S Conformation by Cooperative Binding|
PURRELLO, Roberto (Corresponding)
|Data di pubblicazione:||2017|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|