HNPCC is an autosomal inherited cancer syndrome characterized by germinal and somatic mutations of DNA mismatch repair (MMR) genes. The inherited mutation in one allele together with an acquired defect in the other allele of an MMR gene leads to accelerate tumor progression. In this study we analyzed a cohort of 11 subjects belonging to four Sicilian families with HNPCC suspected by molecular analysis of coding regions of hMSH2 (NC_000002) and hMLH1 (NC_000003) genes. Molecular analysis has detected the presence of two mutations in gene MSH2 and one mutation in MHL1 gene. In addition, we found a novel mutation consisting in a G deletion at 914 codon of the exon 16 in the MSH2 gene. This deletion leads to a stop codon due to a frame-shift, resulting in a truncated protein. We extended genetic analysis to the other family members and the same mutation was detected in three sisters and in one of the two healthy daughters. This mutation is correlated with clinical findings revealed in genealogic tree and it represents a novel mutation responsible of HNPCC.
|Titolo:||Molecular screening in Sicilian families with hereditary non-poliposis colorectal cancer (H.N.P.C.C.) syndrome: identification of a novel mutation in MSH2 gene|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2014|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|